Our trip through this term starts with the most basic form of communication in any given language, the root from which all other verbal tenses are derived from: the Present Simple tense.
But, what do we use the Simple Present tense for? well, this is a very simple but important question to pay attention to. The simple present tense has many important uses that we will review now:
- For repeated or regular actions in the present time period.
- I take the train to the office.
- The train to Berlin leaves every hour.
- John sleeps eight hours every night during the week.
As we can see, this form is referred to activities that happen at a regular time and day in the present period, either because they are part of our routines or because they are set to happen in said moments.
- For Facts.
- The President of The USA lives in The White House.
- A dog has four legs.
- We come from Switzerland.
Facts (“hechos” in spanish) are defined as “something that truly exists or happens” or “something that has actual existence, a true piece of information”
- For Habits.
- I get up early every day.
- Carol brushes her teeth twice a day.
- They travel to their country house every weekend.
Habits Habits are things that people do repeatedly, almost mechanically, in a regular way through their days. Think of how every morning you get out of bed, take a shower, brush your teeth and dress for school, those are routinely actions that we do without putting pretty much any thought into it.
- For things that are always / generally true.
- It rains a lot in winter.
- The Queen of England lives in Buckingham Palace.
- They speak English at work.
Universal truths are known to us all, these are also “facts”, but they don’t change over time. For example, the Sun always rises from the East and sets on the West [unless there’s a cataclysmic event (no sweat, you won’t live to see such an event happening)]
As you may already know, we use a series of personal pronouns to substitute names and nouns in sentences (I, You in either singular or plural, He/She/It, We and They). In almost all cases we uses the base form of the verbs to form sentences with these pronouns, with the exception of the third person, he/she/it. The following image further explains the proper way of conjugation for singular verbs in third person of the present tense:
To make negative sentences in English, we use the DO NOT for I, You, We and They; we use DOES NOT for he/she/it. This rule has exceptions though, for example, the verb TO BE which has its own negative ways (is not, are not) and the modal words that we will work further down the road of the school year.
Complete the following sentences with the correct conjugation of the verbs in either positive or negative form, according to the indication:
1.- We ________ our dog. (to call) (positive)
2.- Emma _________ in the lessons. (to dream) (positive)
3.- Marcus __________ at the pool until 8 pm (to swim) (negative)
4.- Tony and Emily ___________ at birds. (to look) (positive)
5.- Our hamster ______ apples. (to eat) (negative)
6.- John _________ home from school. (to come)
Yes guys, there definitely is homework to do for this lesson. For the next class please bring 2 sentences for each of the 4 ways to use the present simple tense explained at the beggining of the lesson (that’s 8 sentences in total ok?) they will be reviewed in class. Of course there must be both positive and negative sentences and use of the third person rules, the amount of each I leave to your own criteria. PARTICIPATION WILL BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT.