This entry is a follow-up on what we’ve been working so far, but will also be important for all the lessons we work from now on, since the pronouns remain the same throughout all the time tenses we will work for this term.
But you may be asking, what’s a pronoun? simply put, a “pronoun” is a word that replaces a “noun” (nombre propio o común in Spanish) in a sentence. They are used so that we don’t have to repeat the same nouns over and over in a paragraph, which would be tedious. You might already be familiarized with some of the pronouns used in the English language, if not all of them, so let’s review the most important ones:
- Personal Pronouns: The basic pronouns of the English language, they’re used to identify a specific person, animal or thing. As you may already know, they may vary depending on the amount of characters identified and the grammatical person they represent. They are separated in 2 subcategories, subject and object pronouns. The subject pronouns are I, You, He/She/It, We, You & They. The object pronouns are Me, You, Him/Her/It, Us, You, Them.
- Possesive Adjectives and Pronouns:possessive adjectives include the following: my, your, our, their, his, her and its. They are sort of pronouns in that they refer to an understood noun, showing possession by that noun of something. They are technically adjectives, though, because they modify a noun that follows them. Possessive pronouns, on the other hand – mine, yours, ours, theirs, his, hers, its – are truly pronouns because they refer to a previously named or understood noun. They stand alone, not followed by any other noun.
- Indefinite Pronouns:These pronouns do not point to any particular nouns, but refer to things or people in general. Some of them are: few, everyone, all, some, anything, and nobody. Example: “Everyone is already here.”
- Intensive Pronouns:These pronouns are used to emphasize a noun or pronoun. These are: myself, himself, herself, themselves, itself, yourself, yourselves, and ourselves. Example: “He himself is his worst critic.”
- Demonstrative Pronouns:There are five demonstrative pronouns: these, those, this, that, and such. They focus attention on the nouns that are replacing. Examples: “Such was his understanding.” “Those are totally awesome.”
- Relative Pronouns:These pronouns are used to connect a clause or phrase to a noun or pronoun. These are: who, whom, which, whoever, whomever, whichever, and that. Example: “The driver who ran the stop sign was careless.”