As it was already stated in class, we had two types of Relative Clauses to work with depending on the occasion, which were:

  • Defining Relative Clauses
  • Non-Defining Relative Clauses

Referring to the Defining type, we stated that these described the preceding noun in such a way to distinguish it from other nouns of the same class. A clause of this kind is essential to clear understanding of the noun. The following are the pronouns we use to create Defining Relative Clauses:

Defining Relative Clauses



1.Everyone who/that knew him liked him.

2.This is the picture which/that caused such a sensation.


1.The man whom I saw told me to come back today.

2.The car which/that I hired broke down.


1.People whose rents have been raised can appeal.

2.A house whose walls were made of glass.

Now, onto the Non-Defining type, we stated that Non-defining relative clauses are placed after nouns which are definite already. They do not therefore define the noun. But merely add something to it by giving some more information about it. They are not essential in the sentence and can be omitted without causing confusion. They are separated from their noun by commas. The pronoun can never be omitted in a non-defining relative clause. We use the following pronouns to create these types of sentences:

Undefining Relative Clauses.PNG



1.Peter, who had been driving all day, suggested stopping at the next town.

2.The 8.15 train, which is usually very punctual, was late today.


1.Peter, whom everyone suspected, turned out to be innocent.

2.She gave me this jumper, which she had knitted herself.


1.Ann, whose children are at school all day, is trying to get a job.

2.His house, whose windows are all broken, was a depressing sight.